Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Does the FIFA World Cup’s Congested Fixture Program Affect Players’ Performance?

Joao Renato Silva 1 , 2 , * , Michael Rumpf 1 , 3 , Maxime Hertzog 1 and George Nassis 1
Authors Information
1 National Sports Medicine Programme, Excellence in Football Project, Aspetar - Qatar Sports Medicine and Orthopedic Hospital Doha, Qatar
2 Center of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D), Porto, Portugal
3 Auckland University of Technology, Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Auckland, New Zealand
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: December 2017, 8 (4); e13805
  • Published Online: September 12, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 21, 2017
  • Accepted: June 29, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.13805

To Cite: Silva J R, Rumpf M, Hertzog M, Nassis G. Does the FIFA World Cup’s Congested Fixture Program Affect Players’ Performance?, Asian J Sports Med. 2017 ; 8(4):e13805. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.13805.

Copyright © 2017, Asian Journal of Sports Medicine. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Ekstrand J, Walden M, Hagglund M. A congested football calendar and the wellbeing of players: correlation between match exposure of European footballers before the World Cup 2002 and their injuries and performances during that World Cup. Br J Sports Med. 2004; 38(4): 493-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Reilly T, Ekblom B. The use of recovery methods post-exercise. J Sports Sci. 2005; 23(6): 619-27[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Magalhaes J, Rebelo A, Oliveira E, Silva JR, Marques F, Ascensao A. Impact of Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test versus soccer match on physiological, biochemical and neuromuscular parameters. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010; 108(1): 39-48[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Silva JR, Ascensao A, Marques F, Seabra A, Rebelo A, Magalhaes J. Neuromuscular function, hormonal and redox status and muscle damage of professional soccer players after a high-level competitive match. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013; 113(9): 2193-201[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Lago-Penas C, Rey E, Lago-Ballesteros J, Casais L, Dominguez E. The influence of a congested calendar on physical performance in elite soccer. J Strength Cond Res. 2011; 25(8): 2111-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Dellal A, Lago-Penas C, Rey E, Chamari K, Orhant E. The effects of a congested fixture period on physical performance, technical activity and injury rate during matches in a professional soccer team. Br J Sports Med. 2015; 49(6): 390-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Carling C, Gall FL, Reilly TP. Effects of physical efforts on injury in elite soccer. Int J Sports Med. 2010; 31(3): 180-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Meister S, Faude O, Ammann T, Schnittker R, Meyer T. Indicators for high physical strain and overload in elite football players. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013; 23(2): 156-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Waldron M, Highton J. Fatigue and pacing in high-intensity intermittent team sport: an update. Sports Med. 2014; 44(12): 1645-58[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Djaoui L, Wong del P, Pialoux V, Hautier C, Da Silva CD, Chamari K, et al. Physical Activity during a Prolonged Congested Period in a Top-Class European Football Team. Asian J Sports Med. 2014; 5(1): 47-53[PubMed]
  • 11. Carling C, Le Gall F, Dupont G. Are physical performance and injury risk in a professional soccer team in match-play affected over a prolonged period of fixture congestion? Int J Sports Med. 2012; 33(1): 36-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Dupont G, Nedelec M, McCall A, McCormack D, Berthoin S, Wisloff U. Effect of 2 soccer matches in a week on physical performance and injury rate. Am J Sports Med. 2010; 38(9): 1752-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Carling C, Gregson W, McCall A, Moreira A, Wong del P, Bradley PS. Match running performance during fixture congestion in elite soccer: research issues and future directions. Sports Med. 2015; 45(5): 605-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Gregson W, Drust B, Atkinson G, Salvo VD. Match-to-match variability of high-speed activities in premier league soccer. Int J Sports Med. 2010; 31(4): 237-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Nassis GP, Brito J, Dvorak J, Chalabi H, Racinais S. The association of environmental heat stress with performance: analysis of the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil. Br J Sports Med. 2015; 49(9): 609-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. da Mota GR, Thiengo CR, Gimenes SV, Bradley PS. The effects of ball possession status on physical and technical indicators during the 2014 FIFA World Cup Finals. J Sports Sci. 2016; 34(6): 493-500[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Clemente FM, Couceiro MS, Martins FM, Ivanova MO, Mendes R. Activity profiles of soccer players during the 2010 world cup. J Hum Kinet. 2013; 38: 201-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Nassis GP. Effect of altitude on football performance: analysis of the 2010 FIFA World Cup Data. J Strength Cond Res. 2013; 27(3): 703-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Chmura P, Konefal M, Andrzejewski M, Kosowski J, Rokita A, Chmura J. Physical activity profile of 2014 FIFA World Cup players, with regard to different ranges of air temperature and relative humidity. Int J Biometeorol. 2017; 61(4): 677-84[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Chmura P, Andrzejewski M, Konefal M, Mroczek D, Rokita A, Chmura J. Analysis of Motor Activities of Professional Soccer Players during the 2014 World Cup in Brazil. J Hum Kinet. 2017; 56: 187-95[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Soroka A. The locomotor activity of football players based on playing positions durling the 2010 world cup. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2014; [PubMed]
  • 22. Rumpf MC, Silva JR, Hertzog M, Farooq A, Nassis G. Technical and physical analysis of the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil: winners vs. losers. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2017; 57(10): 1338-43[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Chmura P, Golinski D, Andrzejewski M, Mroczek D, Kawczynski A, Rokita A. Endurance capacity and selected technical-tactical skills of soccer players participating in the group stage of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Trends Sport Med. 2014; 21(3): 153-60
  • 24. Bradley PS, Noakes TD. Match running performance fluctuations in elite soccer: indicative of fatigue, pacing or situational influences? J Sports Sci. 2013; 31(15): 1627-38[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Mohr M, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J. Match performance of high-standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. J Sports Sci. 2003; 21(7): 519-28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Hopkins W. A spreadsheet for fully controlled crossovers. Sportscience. 2005; 9(24)
  • 27. Hopkins WG, Marshall SW, Batterham AM, Hanin J. Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009; 41(1): 3-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Lago C. The influence of match location, quality of opposition, and match status on possession strategies in professional association football. J Sports Sci. 2009; 27(13): 1463-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Krustrup P, Ortenblad N, Nielsen J, Nybo L, Gunnarsson TP, Iaia FM, et al. Maximal voluntary contraction force, SR function and glycogen resynthesis during the first 72 h after a high-level competitive soccer game. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011; 111(12): 2987-95[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Zehnder M, Rico-Sanz J, Kuhne G, Boutellier U. Resynthesis of muscle glycogen after soccer specific performance examined by 13C-magnetic resonance spectroscopy in elite players. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2001; 84(5): 443-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Gunnarsson TP, Bendiksen M, Bischoff R, Christensen PM, Lesivig B, Madsen K, et al. Effect of whey protein- and carbohydrate-enriched diet on glycogen resynthesis during the first 48 h after a soccer game. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013; 23(4): 508-15[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Nielsen J, Krustrup P, Nybo L, Gunnarsson TP, Madsen K, Schroder HD, et al. Skeletal muscle glycogen content and particle size of distinct subcellular localizations in the recovery period after a high-level soccer match. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2012; 112(10): 3559-67[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Rampinini E, Bosio A, Ferraresi I, Petruolo A, Morelli A, Sassi A. Match-related fatigue in soccer players. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011; 43(11): 2161-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Thorpe R, Sunderland C. Muscle damage, endocrine, and immune marker response to a soccer match. J Strength Cond Res. 2012; 26(10): 2783-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Nedelec M, McCall A, Carling C, Legall F, Berthoin S, Dupont G. The influence of soccer playing actions on the recovery kinetics after a soccer match. J Strength Cond Res. 2014; 28(6): 1517-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 36. Edwards AM, Noakes TD. Dehydration: cause of fatigue or sign of pacing in elite soccer? Sports Med. 2009; 39(1): 1-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Abbiss CR, Laursen PB. Describing and understanding pacing strategies during athletic competition. Sports Med. 2008; 38(3): 239-52[DOI][PubMed]

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments