Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Markers of the Aerobic Energy-Delivery System as Measures of Post-Match Fatigue and Recovery in Soccer: A Repeated Measures Design

Thomas Dillern 1 , 2 , *
Author Information
1 North University, Center for Practical knowledge, Bodo, Norway
2 The Norwegian Police University College, Bodo, Norway
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: September 2017, 8 (3); e14425
  • Published Online: September 12, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: January 25, 2017
  • Revised: June 1, 2017
  • Accepted: July 11, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.14425

To Cite: Dillern T. Markers of the Aerobic Energy-Delivery System as Measures of Post-Match Fatigue and Recovery in Soccer: A Repeated Measures Design, Asian J Sports Med. 2017 ; 8(3):e14425. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.14425.

Copyright © 2017, Asian Journal of Sports Medicine. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Di Salvo V, Baron R, Tschan H, Calderon Montero FJ, Bachl N, Pigozzi F. Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. Int J Sports Med. 2007; 28(3): 222-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Bangsbo J, Mohr M, Krustrup P. Physical and metabolic demands of training and match-play in the elite football player. J Sports Sci. 2006; 24(7): 665-74[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Bloomfield J, Polman R, O'Donoghue P. Physical Demands of Different Positions in FA Premier League Soccer. J Sports Sci Med. 2007; 6(1): 63-70[PubMed]
  • 4. Andersson H, Raastad T, Nilsson J, Paulsen G, Garthe I, Kadi F. Neuromuscular fatigue and recovery in elite female soccer: effects of active recovery. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008; 40(2): 372-80[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Barnett A. Using recovery modalities between training sessions in elite athletes: does it help? Sports Med. 2006; 36(9): 781-96[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Nedelec M, McCall A, Carling C, Legall F, Berthoin S, Dupont G. Recovery in soccer: part I - post-match fatigue and time course of recovery. Sports Med. 2012; 42(12): 997-1015[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Nedelec M, McCall A, Carling C, Legall F, Berthoin S, Dupont G. Recovery in soccer : part ii-recovery strategies. Sports Med. 2013; 43(1): 9-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Mohr M, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J. Fatigue in soccer: a brief review. J Sports Sci. 2005; 23(6): 593-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Rampinini E, Bosio A, Ferraresi I, Petruolo A, Morelli A, Sassi A. Match-related fatigue in soccer players. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011; 43(11): 2161-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Bradley PS, Sheldon W, Wooster B, Olsen P, Boanas P, Krustrup P. High-intensity running in English FA Premier League soccer matches. J Sports Sci. 2009; 27(2): 159-68[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Ingebrigtsen J, Bendiksen M, Randers MB, Castagna C, Krustrup P, Holtermann A. Yo-Yo IR2 testing of elite and sub-elite soccer players: performance, heart rate response and correlations to other interval tests. J Sports Sci. 2012; 30(13): 1337-45[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Mohr M, Krustrup P, Bangsbo J. Match performance of high-standard soccer players with special reference to development of fatigue. J Sports Sci. 2003; 21(7): 519-28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Bogdanis GC, Nevill ME, Boobis LH, Lakomy HK. Contribution of phosphocreatine and aerobic metabolism to energy supply during repeated sprint exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1996; 80(3): 876-84[PubMed]
  • 14. Reilly T, Drust B, Clarke N. Muscle fatigue during football match-play. Sports Med. 2008; 38(5): 357-67[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Krustrup P, Zebis M, Jensen JM, Mohr M. Game-induced fatigue patterns in elite female soccer. J Strength Cond Res. 2010; 24(2): 437-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Mohr M, Mujika I, Santisteban J, Randers MB, Bischoff R, Solano R, et al. Examination of fatigue development in elite soccer in a hot environment: a multi-experimental approach. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2010; 20 Suppl 3: 125-32[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Mohr M, Krustrup P, Nybo L, Nielsen JJ, Bangsbo J. Muscle temperature and sprint performance during soccer matches--beneficial effect of re-warm-up at half-time. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2004; 14(3): 156-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Krustrup P, Mohr M, Steensberg A, Bencke J, Kjaer M, Bangsbo J. Muscle and blood metabolites during a soccer game: implications for sprint performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006; 38(6): 1165-74[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Bishop PA, Jones E, Woods AK. Recovery from training: a brief review: brief review. J Strength Cond Res. 2008; 22(3): 1015-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Sikorski EM, Wilson JM, Lowery RP, Joy JM, Laurent CM, Wilson SM, et al. Changes in perceived recovery status scale following high-volume muscle damaging resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 2013; 27(8): 2079-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Allen DG, Lamb GD, Westerblad H. Skeletal muscle fatigue: cellular mechanisms. Physiol Rev. 2008; 88(1): 287-332[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Bangsbo J, Iaia FM, Krustrup P. Metabolic response and fatigue in soccer. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2007; 2(2): 111-27[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Helgerud J, Engen LC, Wisloff U, Hoff J. Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001; 33(11): 1925-31[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Bangsbo J, Norregaard L, Thorso F. Activity profile of competition soccer. Can J Sport Sci. 1991; 16(2): 110-6[PubMed]
  • 25. Bradley PS, Di Mascio M, Peart D, Olsen P, Sheldon B. High-intensity activity profiles of elite soccer players at different performance levels. J Strength Cond Res. 2010; 24(9): 2343-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Dawson B, Cow S, Modra S, Bishop D, Stewart G. Effects of immediate post-game recovery procedures on muscle soreness, power and flexiblity levels over the next 48 hours. J Sci Med Sport. 2005; 8(2): 210-21[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Sjodin B, Jacobs I. Onset of blood lactate accumulation and marathon running performance. Int J Sports Med. 1981; 2(1): 23-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Svensson M, Drust B. Testing soccer players. J Sports Sci. 2005; 23(6): 601-18[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Dillern T, Ingebrigtsen J, Shalfawi SAI. Aerobic capacity and anthropometric characteristics of elite-recruit female soccer players. Serbian J Sport Sci. 2012; 6(2): 43-9
  • 30. Ingebrigtsen J, Dillern T, Shalfawi SA. Aerobic capacities and anthropometric characteristics of elite female soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2011; 25(12): 3352-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. 1988;
  • 32. Borsheim E, Bahr R. Effect of exercise intensity, duration and mode on post-exercise oxygen consumption. Sports Med. 2003; 33(14): 1037-60[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Krustrup P, Soderlund K, Mohr M, Bangsbo J. Slow-twitch fiber glycogen depletion elevates moderate-exercise fast-twitch fiber activity and O2 uptake. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004; 36(6): 973-82[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. LaForgia J, Withers RT, Gore CJ. Effects of exercise intensity and duration on the excess post-exercise oxygen consumption. J Sports Sci. 2006; 24(12): 1247-64[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Ratkevicius A, Mizuno M, Povilonis E, Quistorff B. Energy metabolism of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles during isometric voluntary and electrically induced contractions in man. J Physiol. 1998; 507 ( Pt 2): 593-602[DOI][PubMed]
  • 36. Reilly T, Ekblom B. The use of recovery methods post-exercise. J Sports Sci. 2005; 23(6): 619-27[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Horita T, Komi PV, Hamalainen I, Avela J. Exhausting stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) exercise causes greater impairment in SSC performance than in pure concentric performance. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2003; 88(6): 527-34[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Bahr R, Hansson P, Sejersted OM. Triglyceride/fatty acid cycling is increased after exercise. Metabolism. 1990; 39(9): 993-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 39. Borresen J, Lambert MI. Changes in heart rate recovery in response to acute changes in training load. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007; 101(4): 503-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 40. Borresen J, Lambert MI. Autonomic control of heart rate during and after exercise : measurements and implications for monitoring training status. Sports Med. 2008; 38(8): 633-46[DOI][PubMed]
  • 41. Short KR, Sedlock DA. Excess postexercise oxygen consumption and recovery rate in trained and untrained subjects. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1997; 83(1): 153-9[PubMed]
  • 42. Zouhal H, Lemoal E, Wong del P, Benounis O, Castagna C, Duluc C, et al. Physiological Responses of General vs. Specific Aerobic Endurance Exercises in Soccer. Asian J Sports Med. 2013; 4(3): 213-20[DOI][PubMed]
  • 43. Polito LFT, Figueira AJ, Miranda MLJ, Chtourou H, Miranda JM, Brandão MRF. Psychophysiological indicators of fatigue in soccer players: A systematic review. Sci Sport. 2017; 32(1): 1-13[DOI]
  • 44. Grant S, Aitchison T, Henderson E, Christie J, Zare S, McMurray J, et al. A comparison of the reproducibility and the sensitivity to change of visual analogue scales, Borg scales, and Likert scales in normal subjects during submaximal exercise. Chest. 1999; 116(5): 1208-17[DOI][PubMed]
  • 45. Chtourou H, Hammouda O, Souissi H, Chamari K, Chaouachi A, Souissi N. The effect of ramadan fasting on physical performances, mood state and perceived exertion in young footballers. Asian J Sports Med. 2011; 2(3): 177-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 46. Krustrup P, Ortenblad N, Nielsen J, Nybo L, Gunnarsson TP, Iaia FM, et al. Maximal voluntary contraction force, SR function and glycogen resynthesis during the first 72 h after a high-level competitive soccer game. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011; 111(12): 2987-95[DOI][PubMed]
  • 47. Scott KE, Rozenek R, Russo AC, Crussemeyer JA, Lacourse MG. Effects of delayed onset muscle soreness on selected physiological responses to submaximal running. J Strength Cond Res. 2003; 17(4): 652-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 48. Russell AP, Wadley G, Hesselink MK, Schaart G, Lo S, Leger B, et al. UCP3 protein expression is lower in type I, IIa and IIx muscle fiber types of endurance-trained compared to untrained subjects. Pflugers Arch. 2003; 445(5): 563-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 49. Gonzalez-Alonso J, Calbet JA, Nielsen B. Muscle blood flow is reduced with dehydration during prolonged exercise in humans. J Physiol. 1998; 513 ( Pt 3): 895-905[DOI][PubMed]
  • 50. Chtourou H, Hammouda O, Souissi H, Chamari K, Chaouachi A, Souissi N. Diurnal variations in physical performances related to football in young soccer players. Asian J Sports Med. 2012; 3(3): 139-44[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments