Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Effect of Postactivation Potentiation on Short Sprint Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

José Jonas de Oliveira 1 , 2 , * , Alex Harley Crisp 1 , Carolina Gabriela Reis Barbosa 1 , Alexandre de Souza e Silva 2 , Ronaldo Júlio Baganha 1 , 2 and Rozangela Verlengia 1
Authors Information
1 Post-graduate Program in Human Movement Sciences, University of Methodist of Piracicaba (UNIMEP), Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil
2 Physical Education Department, University Centre of Itajuba (FEPI), Itajuba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: December 2017, 8 (4); e14566
  • Published Online: September 9, 2017
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: February 17, 2017
  • Revised: June 6, 2017
  • Accepted: July 31, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.14566

To Cite: de Oliveira J J, Harley Crisp A, Reis Barbosa C G, de Souza e Silva A, Júlio Baganha R, et al. Effect of Postactivation Potentiation on Short Sprint Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Asian J Sports Med. 2017 ; 8(4):e14566. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.14566.

Copyright © 2017, Asian Journal of Sports Medicine. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methodology
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Robbins DW. Postactivation potentiation and its practical applicability: a brief review. J Strength Cond Res. 2005; 19(2): 453-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Kilduff LP, Bevan HR, Kingsley MI, Owen NJ, Bennett MA, Bunce PJ, et al. Postactivation potentiation in professional rugby players: optimal recovery. J Strength Cond Res. 2007; 21(4): 1134-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Rassier DE, Macintosh BR. Coexistence of potentiation and fatigue in skeletal muscle. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2000; 33(5): 499-508[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Esformes JI, Bampouras TM. Effect of back squat depth on lower-body postactivation potentiation. J Strength Cond Res. 2013; 27(11): 2997-3000[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Crewther BT, Kilduff LP, Cook CJ, Middleton MK, Bunce PJ, Yang GZ. The acute potentiating effects of back squats on athlete performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2011; 25(12): 3319-25[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Duncan MJ, Thurgood G, Oxford SW. Effect of heavy back squats on repeated sprint performance in trained men. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2014; 54(2): 238-43[PubMed]
  • 7. Till KA, Cooke C. The effects of postactivation potentiation on sprint and jump performance of male academy soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2009; 23(7): 1960-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Lim JJ, Kong PW. Effects of isometric and dynamic postactivation potentiation protocols on maximal sprint performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2013; 27(10): 2730-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Vanderka M, Krcmar M, Longova K, Walker S. Acute Effects of Loaded Half-Squat Jumps on Sprint Running Speed in Track and Field Athletes and Soccer Players. J Strength Cond Res. 2016; 30(6): 1540-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Hamada T, Sale DG, MacDougall JD, Tarnopolsky MA. Postactivation potentiation, fiber type, and twitch contraction time in human knee extensor muscles. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2000; 88(6): 2131-7[PubMed]
  • 11. Chiu LZ, Fry AC, Weiss LW, Schilling BK, Brown LE, Smith SL. Postactivation potentiation response in athletic and recreationally trained individuals. J Strength Cond Res. 2003; 17(4): 671-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Rixon KP, Lamont HS, Bemben MG. Influence of type of muscle contraction, gender, and lifting experience on postactivation potentiation performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2007; 21(2): 500-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Seitz LB, de Villarreal ES, Haff GG. The temporal profile of postactivation potentiation is related to strength level. J Strength Cond Res. 2014; 28(3): 706-15[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Wilson JM, Duncan NM, Marin PJ, Brown LE, Loenneke JP, Wilson SM, et al. Meta-analysis of postactivation potentiation and power: effects of conditioning activity, volume, gender, rest periods, and training status. J Strength Cond Res. 2013; 27(3): 854-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Young WB, Jenner A, Griffiths K. Acute enhancement of power performance from heavy load squats. J Strength Cond Res. 1998; 12(2): 82-4[DOI]
  • 16. Scott SL, Docherty D. Acute effects of heavy preloading on vertical and horizontal jump performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2004; 18(2): 201-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Hilfiker R, Hubner K, Lorenz T, Marti B. Effects of drop jumps added to the warm-up of elite sport athletes with a high capacity for explosive force development. J Strength Cond Res. 2007; 21(2): 550-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Weber KR, Brown LE, Coburn JW, Zinder SM. Acute effects of heavy-load squats on consecutive squat jump performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2008; 22(3): 726-30[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Requena B, Gapeyeva H, Garcia I, Ereline J, Paasuke M. Twitch potentiation after voluntary versus electrically induced isometric contractions in human knee extensor muscles. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008; 104(3): 463-72[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Needham RA, Morse CI, Degens H. The acute effect of different warm-up protocols on anaerobic performance in elite youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2009; 23(9): 2614-20[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Witmer CA, Davis SE, Moir GL. The acute effects of back squats on vertical jump performance in men and women. J Sports Sci Med. 2010; 9(2): 206-13[PubMed]
  • 22. Evetovich TK, Conley DS, McCawley PF. Postactivation potentiation enhances upper- and lower-body athletic performance in collegiate male and female athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2015; 29(2): 336-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. West D, Cunningham D, Bevan H, Crewther B, Cook C, Kilduff L. Influence of active recovery on professional rugby union player's ability to harness postactivation potentiation. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2013; 53(2): 203-8[PubMed]
  • 24. Bogdanis GC, Tsoukos A, Veligekas P, Tsolakis C, Terzis G. Effects of muscle action type with equal impulse of conditioning activity on postactivation potentiation. J Strength Cond Res. 2014; 28(9): 2521-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Arabatzi F, Patikas D, Zafeiridis A, Giavroudis K, Kannas T, Gourgoulis V, et al. The post-activation potentiation effect on squat jump performance: age and sex effect. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2014; 26(2): 187-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Fukutani A, Takei S, Hirata K, Miyamoto N, Kanehisa H, Kawakami Y. Influence of the intensity of squat exercises on the subsequent jump performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2014; 28(8): 2236-43[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Naclerio F, Chapman M, Larumbe-Zabala E, Massey B, Neil A, Triplett TN. Effects of Three Different Conditioning Activity Volumes on the Optimal Recovery Time for Potentiation in College Athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2015; 29(9): 2579-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. McBride JM, Nimphius S, Erickson TM. The acute effects of heavy-load squats and loaded countermovement jumps on sprint performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2005; 19(4): 893-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Rahimi R. The acute effects of heavy versus light-load squats on sprint performance. Sci J Facta Univ. 2007; 5(2): 163-9
  • 30. Chatzopoulos DE, Michailidis CJ, Giannakos AK, Alexiou KC, Patikas DA, Antonopoulos CB, et al. Postactivation potentiation effects after heavy resistance exercise on running speed. J Strength Cond Res. 2007; 21(4): 1278-81[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Yetter M, Moir GL. The acute effects of heavy back and front squats on speed during forty-meter sprint trials. J Strength Cond Res. 2008; 22(1): 159-65[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Bevan HR, Cunningham DJ, Tooley EP, Owen NJ, Cook CJ, Kilduff LP. Influence of postactivation potentiation on sprinting performance in professional rugby players. J Strength Cond Res. 2010; 24(3): 701-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Okuno NM, Tricoli V, Silva SB, Bertuzzi R, Moreira A, Kiss MA. Postactivation potentiation on repeated-sprint ability in elite handball players. J Strength Cond Res. 2013; 27(3): 662-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Low D, Harsley P, Shaw M, Peart D. The effect of heavy resistance exercise on repeated sprint performance in youth athletes. J Sports Sci. 2015; 33(10): 1028-34[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Wyland TP, Van Dorin JD, Reyes GF. Postactivation Potentation Effects From Accommodating Resistance Combined With Heavy Back Squats on Short Sprint Performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2015; 29(11): 3115-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 36. Seitz LB, Haff GG. Factors Modulating Post-Activation Potentiation of Jump, Sprint, Throw, and Upper-Body Ballistic Performances: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. Sports Med. 2016; 46(2): 231-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Bishop D, Girard O, Mendez-Villanueva A. Repeated-sprint ability - part II: recommendations for training. Sports Med. 2011; 41(9): 741-56[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Mackala K, Fostiak M, Kowalski K. Selected determinants of acceleration in the 100m sprint. J Hum Kinet. 2015; 45: 135-48[DOI][PubMed]
  • 39. Bissas AI, Havenetidis K. The use of various strength-power tests as predictors of sprint running performance. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2008; 48(1): 49-54[PubMed]
  • 40. Newman MA, Tarpenning KM, Marino FE. Relationships between isokinetic knee strength, single-sprint performance, and repeated-sprint ability in football players. J Strength Cond Res. 2004; 18(4): 867-72[DOI][PubMed]
  • 41. Wisloff U, Castagna C, Helgerud J, Jones R, Hoff J. Strong correlation of maximal squat strength with sprint performance and vertical jump height in elite soccer players. Br J Sports Med. 2004; 38(3): 285-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 42. Lopez-Segovia M, Marques MC, van den Tillaar R, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ. Relationships between vertical jump and full squat power outputs with sprint times in u21 soccer players. J Hum Kinet. 2011; 30: 135-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 43. Wang R, Hoffman JR, Tanigawa S, Miramonti AA, La Monica MB, Beyer KS, et al. Isometric Mid-Thigh Pull Correlates With Strength, Sprint, and Agility Performance in Collegiate Rugby Union Players. J Strength Cond Res. 2016; 30(11): 3051-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 44. Baker D. Acute effect of alternating heavy and light resistances on power output during upper-body complex power training. J Strength Cond Res. 2003; 17(3): 493-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 45. Hodgson M, Docherty D, Robbins D. Post-activation potentiation: underlying physiology and implications for motor performance. Sports Med. 2005; 35(7): 585-95[DOI][PubMed]

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments