Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Specific Intensity for Peaking: Is Race Pace the Best Option?

Iker Munoz 1 , * , Stephen Seiler 2 , Alberto Alcocer 3 , Natasha Carr 4 and Jonathan Esteve-Lanao 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Motricity and Sport Training Fundamentals, European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
2 Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway
3 Cardiometatabolic Unity, Faculty of Medicine, Autonomous University of Yucatan, Merida, Mexico
4 School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: September 01, 2015, 6 (3); e24900
  • Published Online: September 23, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: April 14, 2014
  • Revised: September 20, 2014
  • Accepted: September 30, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.24900

To Cite: Munoz I, Seiler S, Alcocer A, Carr N, Esteve-Lanao J. Specific Intensity for Peaking: Is Race Pace the Best Option?, Asian J Sports Med. 2015 ; 6(3):e24900. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.24900.

Abstract
Copyright © 2015, Sports Medicine Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
References
  • 1. Seiler S, Tonnessen E. Intervals, thresholds, and long slow distance: the role of intensity and duration in endurance training. Sportscience. 2009; 13: 32-53
  • 2. Tschakert G, Hofmann P. High-intensity intermittent exercise: methodological and physiological aspects. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2013; 8(6): 600-10[PubMed]
  • 3. Åstrand PO. Textbook of Work Physiology: Physiological Bases of Exercise. 2003;
  • 4. Burgomaster KA, Heigenhauser GJ, Gibala MJ. Effect of short-term sprint interval training on human skeletal muscle carbohydrate metabolism during exercise and time-trial performance. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2006; 100(6): 2041-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Burgomaster KA, Hughes SC, Heigenhauser GJ, Bradwell SN, Gibala MJ. Six sessions of sprint interval training increases muscle oxidative potential and cycle endurance capacity in humans. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005; 98(6): 1985-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Gibala MJ, Little JP, van Essen M, Wilkin GP, Burgomaster KA, Safdar A, et al. Short-term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance. J Physiol. 2006; 575: 901-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Henriksson J, Reitman JS. Quantitative measures of enzyme activities in type I and type II muscle fibres of man after training. Acta Physiol Scandinavica. 1976; 97(3): 392-7
  • 8. Saltin B, Nazar K, Costill DL, Stein E, Jansson E, Essén B, et al. The Nature of the Training Response; Peripheral and Central Adaptations to One‐Legged Exercise. Acta Physiol Scandinavica. 1976; 96(3): 289-305
  • 9. MacDougall JD, Hicks AL, MacDonald JR, McKelvie RS, Green HJ, Smith KM. Muscle performance and enzymatic adaptations to sprint interval training. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1998; 84(6): 2138-42[PubMed]
  • 10. Coyle EF. Very intense exercise-training is extremely potent and time efficient: a reminder. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2005; 98(6): 1983-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Dudley GA, Abraham WM, Terjung RL. Influence of exercise intensity and duration on biochemical adaptations in skeletal muscle. J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol. 1982; 53(4): 844-50[PubMed]
  • 12. Gollnick PD, Armstrong RB, Saltin B, Saubert C, Sembrowich WL, Shepherd RE. Effect of training on enzyme activity and fiber composition of human skeletal muscle. J Appl Physiol. 1973; 34(1): 107-11[PubMed]
  • 13. Baar K. To perform your best: work hard not long. J Physiol. 2006; 575: 690[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Hood DA, Irrcher I, Ljubicic V, Joseph AM. Coordination of metabolic plasticity in skeletal muscle. J Exp Biol. 2006; 209: 2265-75[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Koulmann N, Bigard AX. Interaction between signalling pathways involved in skeletal muscle responses to endurance exercise. Pflugers Arch. 2006; 452(2): 125-39[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Jacobs I, Esbjornsson M, Sylven C, Holm I, Jansson E. Sprint training effects on muscle myoglobin, enzymes, fiber types, and blood lactate. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1987; 19(4): 368-74[PubMed]
  • 17. Parra J, Cadefau JA, Rodas G, Amigo N, Cusso R. The distribution of rest periods affects performance and adaptations of energy metabolism induced by high-intensity training in human muscle. Acta Physiol Scand. 2000; 169(2): 157-65[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Esteve-Lanao J, Foster C, Seiler S, Lucia A. Impact of training intensity distribution on performance in endurance athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2007; 21(3): 943-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Gellish RL, Goslin BR, Olson RE, McDonald A, Russi GD, Moudgil VK. Longitudinal modeling of the relationship between age and maximal heart rate. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007; 39(5): 822-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Beneke R. Methodological aspects of maximal lactate steady state-implications for performance testing. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2003; 89(1): 95-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Peronnet F, Thibault G. [Physiological analysis of running performance: revision of the hyperbolic model]. J Physiol (Paris). 1987; 82(1): 52-60[PubMed]
  • 22. Maughan RJ. Fluid balance and exercise. Int J Sports Med. 1992; 13-5
  • 23. Foster C. Monitoring training in athletes with reference to overtraining syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998; 30(7): 1164-8[PubMed]
  • 24. Daniels J, Daniels N. Running economy of elite male and elite female runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1992; 24(4): 483-9[PubMed]
  • 25. Esteve-Lanao J, Lucia A, deKoning JJ, Foster C. How do humans control physiological strain during strenuous endurance exercise? PLoS One. 2008; 3(8)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Laursen PB, Jenkins DG. The scientific basis for high-intensity interval training: optimising training programmes and maximising performance in highly trained endurance athletes. Sports Med. 2002; 32(1): 53-73[PubMed]
  • 27. Swain DP, Franklin BA. VO(2) reserve and the minimal intensity for improving cardiorespiratory fitness. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002; 34(1): 152-7[PubMed]
  • 28. Noakes TD, Myburgh KH, Schall R. Peak treadmill running velocity during the VO2 max test predicts running performance. J Sports Sci. 1990; 8(1): 35-45[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Billat V, Hamard L, Koralsztein JP, Morton RH. Differential modeling of anaerobic and aerobic metabolism in the 800-m and 1,500-m run. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2009; 107(2): 478-87[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Hoff J, Helgerud J. Endurance and strength training for soccer players: physiological considerations. Sports Med. 2004; 34(3): 165-80[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments