Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Morphine/Codeine Ratio, a Key in Investigating a Case of Doping

Tohid Seif-Barghi 1 , 2 , Navid Moghadam 2 , 3 , * and Farzad Kobarfard 4
Authors Information
1 Sports Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Iran Football Medical Assessment and Rehabilitation Center (IFMARC), Tehran, IR Iran
3 Sports Medicine Department, Rasool Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
4 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: December 01, 2015, 6 (4); e28798
  • Published Online: December 1, 2015
  • Article Type: Case Report
  • Received: March 18, 2015
  • Revised: June 28, 2015
  • Accepted: July 3, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.28798

To Cite: Seif-Barghi T, Moghadam N, Kobarfard F. Morphine/Codeine Ratio, a Key in Investigating a Case of Doping, Asian J Sports Med. 2015 ; 6(4):e28798. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.28798.

Copyright © 2015, Sports Medicine Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Introduction
2. Case Presentation
3. Discussion
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