Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Are Level of Education and Employment Related to Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders in Current and Retired Professional Footballers?

Vincent Gouttebarge 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , * , Haruhito Aoki 5 , Evert Verhagen 3 , 6 and Gino Kerkhoffs 2 , 3 , 4
Authors Information
1 World Players’ Union (FIFPro), Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
2 Academic Center for Evidence Based Sports Medicine (ACES), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3 Amsterdam Collaboration for Health and Safety in Sports (ACHSS), Academic Medical Center / VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
5 St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan
6 Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: June 01, 2016, 7 (2); e28447
  • Published Online: May 28, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: March 5, 2015
  • Revised: August 28, 2015
  • Accepted: September 6, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.28447

To Cite: Gouttebarge V, Aoki H, Verhagen E, Kerkhoffs G. Are Level of Education and Employment Related to Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders in Current and Retired Professional Footballers?, Asian J Sports Med. 2016 ; 7(2):e28447. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.28447.

Copyright © 2016, Sports Medicine Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Material and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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