Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Body Composition of Soccer Referees; Do These Correlate With Proper Performance?

Reza Mazaheri 1 , 2 , Farzin Halabchi 1 , 2 , * , Tohid Seif Barghi 1 , 2 and Mohammad Ali Mansournia 3
Authors Information
1 Sports Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, IR Iran
2 Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, IR Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: March 01, 2016, 7 (1); e29577
  • Published Online: March 1, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 19, 2015
  • Revised: September 10, 2015
  • Accepted: September 28, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.29577

To Cite: Mazaheri R, Halabchi F, Seif Barghi T, Mansournia M A. Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Body Composition of Soccer Referees; Do These Correlate With Proper Performance?, Asian J Sports Med. 2016 ; 7(1):e29577. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.29577.

Copyright © 2016, Sports Medicine Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Reilly T. Energetics of high-intensity exercise (soccer) with particular reference to fatigue. J Sports Sci. 1997; 15(3): 257-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. FIFA Big count 2006: 270 million people active in football 2007;
  • 3. Castagna C, Abt G, D'Ottavio S. Physiological aspects of soccer refereeing performance and training. Sports Med. 2007; 37(7): 625-46[PubMed]
  • 4. Reilly T, Gregson W. Special populations: the referee and assistant referee. J Sports Sci. 2006; 24(7): 795-801[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Bizzini M, Junge A, Bahr R, Helsen W, Dvorak J. Injuries and musculoskeletal complaints in referees and assistant referees selected for the 2006 FIFA World Cup: retrospective and prospective survey. Br J Sports Med. 2009; 43(7): 490-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Stolen T, Chamari K, Castagna C, Wisloff U. Physiology of soccer: an update. Sports Med. 2005; 35(6): 501-36[PubMed]
  • 7. Krustrup P, Bangsbo J. Physiological demands of top-class soccer refereeing in relation to physical capacity: effect of intense intermittent exercise training. J Sports Sci. 2001; 19(11): 881-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Weston M, Helsen W, MacMahon C, Kirkendall D. The impact of specific high-intensity training sessions on football referees' fitness levels. Am J Sports Med. 2004; 32(1 Suppl): 54S-61S[PubMed]
  • 9. D'Ottavio S, Castagna C. Physiological load imposed on elite soccer referees during actual match play. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2001; 41(1): 27-32[PubMed]
  • 10. Mallo J, Veiga S, Lopez de Subijana C, Navarro E. Activity profile of top-class female soccer refereeing in relation to the position of the ball. J Sci Med Sport. 2010; 13(1): 129-32[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Castagna C, Abt G, D'Ottavio S. Activity profile of international-level soccer referees during competitive matches. J Strength Cond Res. 2004; 18(3): 486-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Weston M, Bird S, Helsen W, Nevill A, Castagna C. The effect of match standard and referee experience on the objective and subjective match workload of English Premier League referees. J Sci Med Sport. 2006; 9(3): 256-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Weston M, Castagna C, Impellizzeri FM, Rampinini E, Abt G. Analysis of physical match performance in English Premier League soccer referees with particular reference to first half and player work rates. J Sci Med Sport. 2007; 10(6): 390-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Casajus JA, Castagna C. Aerobic fitness and field test performance in elite Spanish soccer referees of different ages. J Sci Med Sport. 2007; 10(6): 382-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Rogers MA, Hagberg JM, Martin 3rd WH, Ehsani AA, Holloszy JO. Decline in VO2max with aging in master athletes and sedentary men. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1990; 68(5): 2195-9[PubMed]
  • 16. Coggan AR, Abduljalil AM, Swanson SC, Earle MS, Farris JW, Mendenhall LA, et al. Muscle metabolism during exercise in young and older untrained and endurance-trained men. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1993; 75(5): 2125-33[PubMed]
  • 17. Heath GW, Hagberg JM, Ehsani AA, Holloszy JO. A physiological comparison of young and older endurance athletes. J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol. 1981; 51(3): 634-40[PubMed]
  • 18. Castagna C, D'Ottavio S. Effect of maximal aerobic power on match performance in elite soccer referees. J Strength Cond Res. 2001; 15(4): 420-5[PubMed]
  • 19. FIFA referee assessor's report. 2012;
  • 20. Helsen W, Bultynck JB. Physical and perceptual-cognitive demands of top-class refereeing in association football. J Sports Sci. 2004; 22(2): 179-89[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Rontoyannis GP, Stalikas A, Sarros G, Vlastaris A. Medical, morphological and functional aspects of Greek football referees. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 1998; 38(3): 208-14[PubMed]
  • 22. Bangsbo J, Mohr M, Krustrup P. Physical and metabolic demands of training and match-play in the elite football player. J Sports Sci. 2006; 24(7): 665-74[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Weston M, Brewer J. A study of the physiological demands of soccer refereeing. J Sport Sci. 2002; 20: 59-60
  • 24. Weston M, Drust B, Atkinson G, Gregson W. Variability of soccer referees' match performances. Int J Sports Med. 2011; 32(3): 190-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Castagna C, Abt G, D'Ottavio S, Weston M. Age-related effects on fitness performance in elite-level soccer referees. J Strength Cond Res. 2005; 19(4): 785-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Catteeuw P, Helsen W, Gilis B, Wagemans J. Decision-making skills, role specificity, and deliberate practice in association football refereeing. J Sports Sci. 2009; 27(11): 1125-36[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments