Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

The Activation Pattern of Trunk and Lower Limb Muscles in an Electromyographic Assessment; Comparison Between Ground and Treadmill Walking

Reza Mazaheri 1 , Mohammad Ali Sanjari 2 , Gelareh Radmehr 1 , Farzin Halabchi 1 and Hooman Angoorani 3 , *
Authors Information
1 Sports Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, IR Iran
2 Biomechanics Lab, Department of Rehabilitation Basic Sciences, Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Hazrat Rasool-e-Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: September 01, 2016, 7 (3); e35308
  • Published Online: June 20, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: December 7, 2015
  • Revised: December 26, 2015
  • Accepted: March 7, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.35308

To Cite: Mazaheri R, Sanjari M A, Radmehr G, Halabchi F, Angoorani H. The Activation Pattern of Trunk and Lower Limb Muscles in an Electromyographic Assessment; Comparison Between Ground and Treadmill Walking, Asian J Sports Med. 2016 ; 7(3):e35308. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.35308.

Copyright © 2016, Sports Medicine Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Materials and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Lee SJ, Hidler J. Biomechanics of overground vs. treadmill walking in healthy individuals. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2008; 104(3): 747-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Riley PO, Paolini G, Della Croce U, Paylo KW, Kerrigan DC. A kinematic and kinetic comparison of overground and treadmill walking in healthy subjects. Gait Posture. 2007; 26(1): 17-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Riley PO, Dicharry J, Franz J, Della Croce U, Wilder RP, Kerrigan DC. A kinematics and kinetic comparison of overground and treadmill running. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008; 40(6): 1093-100[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Parvataneni K, Ploeg L, Olney SJ, Brouwer B. Kinematic, kinetic and metabolic parameters of treadmill versus overground walking in healthy older adults. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2009; 24(1): 95-100[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Ceccato JC, de Seze M, Azevedo C, Cazalets JR. Comparison of trunk activity during gait initiation and walking in humans. PLoS One. 2009; 4(12): 8193[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Alton F, Baldey L, Caplan S, Morrissey MC. A kinematic comparison of overground and treadmill walking. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 1998; 13(6): 434-40[PubMed]
  • 7. Matsas A, Taylor N, McBurney H. Knee joint kinematics from familiarised treadmill walking can be generalised to overground walking in young unimpaired subjects. Gait Posture. 2000; 11(1): 46-53[PubMed]
  • 8. Strathy GM, Chao EY, Laughman RK. Changes in knee function associated with treadmill ambulation. J Biomech. 1983; 16(7): 517-22[PubMed]
  • 9. Thorstensson A, Nilsson J, Carlson H, Zomlefer MR. Trunk movements in human locomotion. Acta Physiol Scand. 1984; 121(1): 9-22[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. de Seze M, Falgairolle M, Viel S, Assaiante C, Cazalets JR. Sequential activation of axial muscles during different forms of rhythmic behavior in man. Exp Brain Res. 2008; 185(2): 237-47[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Anders C, Wagner H, Puta C, Grassme R, Petrovitch A, Scholle HC. Trunk muscle activation patterns during walking at different speeds. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2007; 17(2): 245-52[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Ewbank PT, Jensen RL. Change in trunk muscle activity during incline treadmill running. Portuguese J Sport Sci. 2011; 11(2): 487-90
  • 13. Ekstrom RA, Donatelli RA, Carp KC. Electromyographic analysis of core trunk, hip, and thigh muscles during 9 rehabilitation exercises. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2007; 37(12): 754-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Hermens HJ, Freriks B, Merletti R, Stegeman D, Blok J, Rau G, et al. European Recommendations for Surface ElectroMyoGraphy. 2015;
  • 15. Winter DA. Biomechanics and motor control of human movement. 2009;
  • 16. Arsenault AB, Winter DA, Marteniuk RG. Treadmill versus walkway locomotion in humans: an EMG study. Ergonomics. 1986; 29(5): 665-76[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Nymark JR, Balmer SJ, Melis EH, Lemaire ED, Millar S. Electromyographic and kinematic nondisabled gait differences at extremely slow overground and treadmill walking speeds. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2005; 42(4): 523-34[PubMed]
  • 18. Prosser LA, Stanley CJ, Norman TL, Park HS, Damiano DL. Comparison of elliptical training, stationary cycling, treadmill walking and overground walking. Electromyographic patterns. Gait Posture. 2011; 33(2): 244-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Murray MP, Spurr GB, Sepic SB, Gardner GM, Mollinger LA. Treadmill vs. floor walking: kinematics, electromyogram, and heart rate. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1985; 59(1): 87-91[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments