Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Effect of Green Tea Extract on Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress in Obese Men: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study

Rahman Rahimi 1 , * and Zahed Falahi 1
Authors Information
1 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: June 2017, 8 (2); e55438
  • Published Online: June 24, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 14, 2016
  • Revised: December 8, 2016
  • Accepted: June 6, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.55438

To Cite: Rahimi R, Falahi Z. Effect of Green Tea Extract on Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress in Obese Men: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study, Asian J Sports Med. 2017 ; 8(2):e55438. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.55438.

Abstract
Copyright © 2017, Asian Journal of Sports Medicine. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. WHO . World Health Organization Fact sheet: obesity and overweight.
  • 2. Matsuda M, Shimomura I. Increased oxidative stress in obesity: implications for metabolic syndrome, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and cancer. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2013; 7(5)-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Decsi T, Molnar D, Koletzko B. Reduced plasma concentrations of alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene in obese boys. J Pediatr. 1997; 130(4): 653-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Strauss RS. Comparison of serum concentrations of alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene in a cross-sectional sample of obese and nonobese children (NHANES III). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Pediatr. 1999; 134(2): 160-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Olusi SO. Obesity is an independent risk factor for plasma lipid peroxidation and depletion of erythrocyte cytoprotectic enzymes in humans. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002; 26(9): 1159-64[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Salazar DE, Sorge CL, Jordan SW, Corcoran GB. Obesity decreases hepatic glutathione concentrations and markedly potentiates allyl alcohol-induced periportal necrosis in the overfed rat. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1994; 18(1): 25-33[PubMed]
  • 7. Korda M, Kubant R, Patton S, Malinski T. Leptin-induced endothelial dysfunction in obesity. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2008; 295(4)-21[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Yamagishi S, Amano S, Inagaki Y, Okamoto T, Takeuchi M, Inoue H. Pigment epithelium-derived factor inhibits leptin-induced angiogenesis by suppressing vascular endothelial growth factor gene expression through anti-oxidative properties. Microvasc Res. 2003; 65(3): 186-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Vincent HK, Morgan JW, Vincent KR. Obesity exacerbates oxidative stress levels after acute exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004; 36(5): 772-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Vincent HK, Vincent KR, Bourguignon C, Braith RW. Obesity and postexercise oxidative stress in older women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005; 37(2): 213-9[PubMed]
  • 11. Jowko E, Sacharuk J, Balasinska B, Ostaszewski P, Charmas M, Charmas R. Green tea extract supplementation gives protection against exercise-induced oxidative damage in healthy men. Nutr Res. 2011; 31(11): 813-21[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Panza VS, Wazlawik E, Ricardo Schutz G, Comin L, Hecht KC, da Silva EL. Consumption of green tea favorably affects oxidative stress markers in weight-trained men. Nutrition. 2008; 24(5): 433-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Kim HS, Quon MJ, Kim JA. New insights into the mechanisms of polyphenols beyond antioxidant properties; lessons from the green tea polyphenol, epigallocatechin 3-gallate. Redox Biol. 2014; 2: 187-95[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Bruno RS, Bomser JA, Ferruzzi MG. Processing and impact on antioxidants in beverages. 2014; : 33
  • 15. Jankun J, Selman SH, Swiercz R, Skrzypczak-Jankun E. Why drinking green tea could prevent cancer. Nature. 1997; 387(6633): 561[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Guo Q, Zhao B, Shen S, Hou J, Hu J, Xin W. ESR study on the structure-antioxidant activity relationship of tea catechins and their epimers. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999; 1427(1): 13-23[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Haenen GR, Paquay JB, Korthouwer RE, Bast A. Peroxynitrite scavenging by flavonoids. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997; 236(3): 591-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Nakagawa T, Yokozawa T. Direct scavenging of nitric oxide and superoxide by green tea. Food Chem Toxicol. 2002; 40(12): 1745-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Agarwal R, Katiyar SK, Khan SG, Mukhtar H. Protection against ultraviolet B radiation-induced effects in the skin of SKH-1 hairless mice by a polyphenolic fraction isolated from green tea. Photochem Photobiol. 1993; 58(5): 695-700[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Senthil Kumaran V, Arulmathi K, Srividhya R, Kalaiselvi P. Repletion of antioxidant status by EGCG and retardation of oxidative damage induced macromolecular anomalies in aged rats. Exp Gerontol. 2008; 43(3): 176-83[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Park HJ, DiNatale DA, Chung MY, Park YK, Lee JY, Koo SI, et al. Green tea extract attenuates hepatic steatosis by decreasing adipose lipogenesis and enhancing hepatic antioxidant defenses in ob/ob mice. J Nutr Biochem. 2011; 22(4): 393-400[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Jowko E, Dlugolecka B, Makaruk B, Cieslinski I. The effect of green tea extract supplementation on exercise-induced oxidative stress parameters in male sprinters. Eur J Nutr. 2015; 54(5): 783-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Anderson EJ, Neufer PD. Type II skeletal myofibers possess unique properties that potentiate mitochondrial H(2)O(2) generation. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2006; 290(3)-51[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Hey-Mogensen M, Hojlund K, Vind BF, Wang L, Dela F, Beck-Nielsen H, et al. Effect of physical training on mitochondrial respiration and reactive oxygen species release in skeletal muscle in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia. 2010; 53(9): 1976-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Hilton TN, Tuttle LJ, Bohnert KL, Mueller MJ, Sinacore DR. Excessive adipose tissue infiltration in skeletal muscle in individuals with obesity, diabetes mellitus, and peripheral neuropathy: association with performance and function. Phys Ther. 2008; 88(11): 1336-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Huang CJ, McAllister MJ, Slusher AL, Webb HE, Mock JT, Acevedo EO. Obesity-Related Oxidative Stress: the Impact of Physical Activity and Diet Manipulation. Sports Med Open. 2015; 1(1): 32[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. Rahimi R. Creatine supplementation decreases oxidative DNA damage and lipid peroxidation induced by a single bout of resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 2011; 25(12): 3448-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Dixon CB, Robertson RJ, Goss FL, Timmer JM, Nagle EF, Evans RW. The effect of acute resistance exercise on serum malondialdehyde in resistance-trained and untrained collegiate men. J Strength Cond Res. 2006; 20(3): 693-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Mirzaei B, Rahmani-Nia F, Salehi Z, Rahimi R. Effects of creatine monohydrate supplementation on oxidative DNA damage and lipid peroxidation induced by acute incremental exercise to exhaustion in wrestlers. Kinesiology. 2013; 45(1): 30-40
  • 30. Bloomer RJ, Goldfarb AH. Anaerobic exercise and oxidative stress: a review. Can J Appl Physiol. 2004; 29(3): 245-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Thielecke F, Boschmann M. The potential role of green tea catechins in the prevention of the metabolic syndrome - a review. Phytochemistry. 2009; 70(1): 11-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Khorjahani A, Rahimi R, Moghadam V. Oxidative DNA damage responses to an acute session of hypertrophy-and strength-intensity resistance exercise. Ann Biol Res. 2012; 3(12): 5490-3
  • 33. Radak Z, Pucsok J, Mecseki S, Csont T, Ferdinandy P. Muscle soreness-induced reduction in force generation is accompanied by increased nitric oxide content and DNA damage in human skeletal muscle. Free Radic Biol Med. 1999; 26(7-8): 1059-63[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Bloomer RJ, Goldfarb AH, Wideman L, McKenzie MJ, Consitt LA. Effects of acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise on blood markers of oxidative stress. J Strength Cond Res. 2005; 19(2): 276-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Ji LL. Exercise and Sport Science. 2000; : 299-317
  • 36. Wu LL, Chiou CC, Chang PY, Wu JT. Urinary 8-OHdG: a marker of oxidative stress to DNA and a risk factor for cancer, atherosclerosis and diabetics. Clin Chim Acta. 2004; 339(1-2): 1-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 37. Valavanidis A, Vlachogianni T, Fiotakis C. 8-hydroxy-2' -deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG): A critical biomarker of oxidative stress and carcinogenesis. J Environ Sci Health C Environ Carcinog Ecotoxicol Rev. 2009; 27(2): 120-39[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Hartmann A, Niess AM, Grunert-Fuchs M, Poch B, Speit G. Vitamin E prevents exercise-induced DNA damage. Mutat Res. 1995; 346(4): 195-202[DOI][PubMed]
  • 39. Bloomer RJ, Goldfarb AH, McKenzie MJ. Oxidative stress response to aerobic exercise: comparison of antioxidant supplements. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006; 38(6): 1098-105[DOI][PubMed]
  • 40. Di Lorenzo C, Dell'Agli M, Sangiovanni E, Dos Santos A, Uberti F, Moro E, et al. Correlation between catechin content and NF-kappaB inhibition by infusions of green and black tea. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2013; 68(2): 149-54[DOI][PubMed]
  • 41. Erba D, Riso P, Bordoni A, Foti P, Biagi PL, Testolin G. Effectiveness of moderate green tea consumption on antioxidative status and plasma lipid profile in humans. J Nutr Biochem. 2005; 16(3): 144-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 42. Morrow JD, Roberts L2. The isoprostanes. Current knowledge and directions for future research. Biochem Pharmacol. 1996; 51(1): 1-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 43. McAnulty SR, McAnulty LS, Nieman DC, Morrow JD, Utter AC, Dumke CL. Effect of resistance exercise and carbohydrate ingestion on oxidative stress. Free Radic Res. 2005; 39(11): 1219-24[DOI][PubMed]
  • 44. Rietjens SJ, Beelen M, Koopman R, V. A. N. Loon LJ , Bast A, Haenen GR. A single session of resistance exercise induces oxidative damage in untrained men. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007; 39(12): 2145-51[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments