Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Pacing Strategies in the New York City Marathon - Does Nationality of Finishers Matter?

Andre Aschmann 1 , Beat Knechtle 2 , 3 , * , Vincent Onywera 4 and Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis 5 , 6
Authors Information
1 Division of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, Switzerland
2 Gesundheitszentrum St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland
3 Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
4 Department of Recreation Management and Exercise Science, Kenyatta University, Kenya
5 Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Nikaia, Greece
6 Laboratory of Exercise Testing, Hellenic Air Force Academy, Athens, Greece
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: June 2018, 9 (2); e57596
  • Published Online: May 22, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 4, 2017
  • Accepted: April 8, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.57596

To Cite: Aschmann A, Knechtle B, Onywera V, Nikolaidis P T. Pacing Strategies in the New York City Marathon - Does Nationality of Finishers Matter?, Asian J Sports Med. 2018 ; 9(2):e57596. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.57596.

Abstract
Copyright © 2018, Asian Journal of Sports Medicine. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
References
  • 1. Marc A, Sedeaud A, Schipman J, Jacquemin JA, Sauliere G, Kryger KO, et al. Geographic enrolment of the top 100 in athletics running events from 1996 to 2012. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2017;57(4):418-25. doi: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06019-9. [PubMed: 26632850].
  • 2. Nikolaidis PT, Onywera VO, Knechtle B. Running Performance, Nationality, Sex, and Age in the 10-km, Half-Marathon, Marathon, and the 100-km Ultramarathon IAAF 1999-2015. J Strength Cond Res. 2017;31(8):2189-207. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001687. [PubMed: 28731980].
  • 3. Onywera VO, Scott RA, Boit MK, Pitsiladis YP. Demographic characteristics of elite Kenyan endurance runners. J Sports Sci. 2006;24(4):415-22. doi: 10.1080/02640410500189033. [PubMed: 16492605].
  • 4. Scott RA, Georgiades E, Wilson RH, Goodwin WH, Wolde B, Pitsiladis YP. Demographic characteristics of elite Ethiopian endurance runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(10):1727-32. doi: 10.1249/01.MSS.0000089335.85254.89. [PubMed: 14523311].
  • 5. Aschmann A, Knechtle B, Cribari M, Rust CA, Onywera V, Rosemann T, et al. Performance and age of African and non-African runners in half- and full marathons held in Switzerland, 2000-2010. Open Access J Sports Med. 2013;4:183-92. doi: 10.2147/OAJSM.S45918. [PubMed: 24379724]. [PubMed Central: PMC3871899].
  • 6. Trubee NW, Vanderburgh PM, Diestelkamp WS, Jackson KJ. Effects of heat stress and sex on pacing in marathon runners. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(6):1673-8. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000295. [PubMed: 24149746].
  • 7. March DS, Vanderburgh PM, Titlebaum PJ, Hoops ML. Age, sex, and finish time as determinants of pacing in the marathon. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(2):386-91. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bffd0f. [PubMed: 20224445].
  • 8. Santos-Lozano A, Collado PS, Foster C, Lucia A, Garatachea N. Influence of sex and level on marathon pacing strategy. Insights from the New York City race. Int J Sports Med. 2014;35(11):933-8. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1367048. [PubMed: 24886929].
  • 9. Deaner RO, Carter RE, Joyner MJ, Hunter SK. Men are more likely than women to slow in the marathon. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015;47(3):607-16. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000432. [PubMed: 24983344]. [PubMed Central: PMC4289124].
  • 10. Hanley B. Pacing, packing and sex-based differences in Olympic and IAAF World Championship marathons. J Sports Sci. 2016;34(17):1675-81. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1132841. [PubMed: 26736042].
  • 11. Knechtle B, Aschmann A, Onywera V, Nikolaidis PT, Rosemann T, Rust CA. Performance and age of African and non-African runners in World Marathon Majors races 2000-2014. J Sports Sci. 2017;35(10):1012-24. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1209302. [PubMed: 27434869].
  • 12. Renfree A, St Clair Gibson A. Influence of different performance levels on pacing strategy during the Women's World Championship marathon race. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2013;8(3):279-85. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.8.3.279. [PubMed: 23006811].
  • 13. Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 1988.
  • 14. Knechtle B, Nikolaidis PT, Zingg MA, Rosemann T, Rust CA. Differences in age of peak marathon performance between mountain and city marathon running - The 'Jungfrau Marathon' in Switzerland. Chin J Physiol. 2017;60(1):11-22. doi: 10.4077/CJP.2017.BAE400. [PubMed: 28052642].
  • 15. Tucker R, Lambert MI, Noakes TD. An analysis of pacing strategies during men's world-record performances in track athletics. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2006;1(3):233-45. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.1.3.233. [PubMed: 19116437].
  • 16. Tan PL, Tan FH, Bosch AN. Similarities and Differences in Pacing Patterns in a 161-km and 101-km Ultra-Distance Road Race. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(8):2145-55. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001326. [PubMed: 26808845].
  • 17. Knechtle B, Nikolaidis PT, Onywera VO, Zingg MA, Rosemann T, Rust CA. Male and female Ethiopian and Kenyan runners are the fastest and the youngest in both half and full marathon. Springerplus. 2016;5:223. doi: 10.1186/s40064-016-1915-0. [PubMed: 27026917]. [PubMed Central: PMC4771648].
  • 18. Noble TJ, Chapman RF. Elite african marathoners specialize earlier than elite Non-African marathoners. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2017;13(1):1-19.
  • 19. Scott RA, Pitsiladis YP. Genotypes and distance running : clues from Africa. Sports Med. 2007;37(4-5):424-7. doi: 10.2165/00007256-200737040-00039. [PubMed: 17465625].
  • 20. Wilber RL, Pitsiladis YP. Kenyan and Ethiopian distance runners: what makes them so good? Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2012;7(2):92-102. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.7.2.92. [PubMed: 22634972].
  • 21. Vancini RL, Pesquero JB, Fachina RJ, Andrade Mdos S, Borin JP, Montagner PC, et al. Genetic aspects of athletic performance: the African runners phenomenon. Open Access J Sports Med. 2014;5:123-7. doi: 10.2147/OAJSM.S61361. [PubMed: 24891818]. [PubMed Central: PMC4037248].
  • 22. Larsen HB. Kenyan dominance in distance running. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2003;136(1):161-70. [PubMed: 14527638].
  • 23. Laumets R, Viigipuu K, Mooses K, Maestu J, Purge P, Pehme A, et al. Lower Leg Length is Associated with Running Economy in High Level Caucasian Distance Runners. J Hum Kinet. 2017;56:229-39. doi: 10.1515/hukin-2017-0040. [PubMed: 28469761]. [PubMed Central: PMC5384070].
  • 24. Mooses M, Mooses K, Haile DW, Durussel J, Kaasik P, Pitsiladis YP. Dissociation between running economy and running performance in elite Kenyan distance runners. J Sports Sci. 2015;33(2):136-44. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2014.926384. [PubMed: 24916998].
  • 25. Larsen HB, Sheel AW. The Kenyan runners. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2015;25 Suppl 4:110-8. doi: 10.1111/sms.12573. [PubMed: 26589124].
  • 26. Onywera VO. East African runners: their genetics, lifestyle and athletic prowess. Med Sport Sci. 2009;54:102-9. doi: 10.1159/000235699. [PubMed: 19696510].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments