Low Back Pain Functional Disability in Athletes; Conceptualization and Initial Development of a Questionnaire
Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 5 (4); 24281
November 9, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
January 29, 2014
April 13, 2014
A H, et al. Low Back Pain Functional Disability in Athletes; Conceptualization and Initial Development of a Questionnaire,
Asian J Sports Med.
Online ahead of Print
Low Back Pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent causes of disability not only in the general population but also in athletes. Despite a large number of self-reported back specific disability questionnaires, there is no specific, well documented, outcome measure for athletes suffering from back pain.
This study aimed to identify the main descriptive themes representing functional disability in athletes due to LBP.
Patients and Methods:
We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews to characterize the experiences of athletes with LBP. Twenty athletes with LBP were recruited and the main descriptive elements of their LBP related disability were extracted. Then a preliminary questionnaire using these themes was proposed.
The main disability indicators were pain intensity; stretching exercises, strengthening exercises, sport specific skills, back range of motion (ROM), sitting, walking, sleep patterns, self-care, and recreational activities, fear of pain and avoidance behavior, and changes in sexual activity.
The findings of this study suggest that apart from non-sports items, some sport related items should be included in the assessment of LBP disability levels in athletes. Our results have also been organized as a preliminary LBP disability questionnaire for athletes.
© 2014, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.