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Effect of Acute Maximal Exercise on Circulating Levels of Interleukin-12 during Ramadan Fasting

AUTHORS

Salma Abedelmalek 2 , Nizar Souissi 3 , * , Akimoto Takayuki 4 , Sami Hadouk 5 , Zouhair Tabka 2

2 Department of Physiology, Sousse Faculty of Medicine, Tunisia

3 Research Unit, Evaluation, Sport, Health National Centre of Medicine and Science in Sport, Tunisia

4 Laboratory of Regenerative Medical Engineering, Centre for Disease Biology and Integrative Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Japan

5 Department of Immunology, Sfax Faculty of Medicine, Tunisia

How to Cite: Abedelmalek S, Souissi N, Takayuki A, Hadouk S, Tabka Z. Effect of Acute Maximal Exercise on Circulating Levels of Interleukin-12 during Ramadan Fasting, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 2(3):34751. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34751.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 2 (3); 154-160
Published Online: August 31, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 5, 2010
Accepted: April 16, 2011
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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Ramadan fasting on circulating levels of interleukin-12 (IL-12) after a brief maximal exercise.

Methods: Nine subjects performed a Wingate test on three different occasions: (i) the first week of Ramadan (1WR), (ii) the fourth week of Ramadan (4WR), and (iii) three weeks after Ramadan (AR). Blood samples were taken before, immediately and 60 min after the exercise. Plasma concentrations of IL-12 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Variance analysis revealed no significant effect of Ramadan on Ppeak and Pmean during the three testing periods.

Results: Considering the effect of Ramadan on plasma concentrations of IL-12, analysis of the variance revealed a significant Ramadan effect (F(2, 16)=66.27; P < 0.001) as well as a significant time effect (F(2, 16)= 120.66; P < 0.001). However, no significant (Ramadan time) of test interaction (F(4, 32)=2.40; P>0.05). For all measures, IL-12 levels were lower during 1WR and 4WR in comparison with AR (P < 0.05). Considering the exercise effects, IL-12 levels measured immediately after the exercise were significantly higher than those measured before and at 60 minutes after the exercise (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: These results suggest that an acute intense exercise-induced IL-12 response is modified by daytime fasting and modifications in sleep schedule during Ramadan.

Keywords

Ramadan Wingate Test Interleukin-12 Immunity Sleep Deprivation

© 2011, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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