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Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of College Sportsmen

AUTHORS

Peerkhan Nazni 1 , * , Srinivasan Vimala 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Food Science, Periyar University, Salem, Tamilnadu, India

2 Department on Nutrition, Shanmuga college of Nursing, Salem, Tamilnadu, India

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 1 (2); 93-100
Published Online: May 31, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 19, 2009
Accepted: April 20, 2010
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Abstract

Purpose: Nutrition is an important component of any physical fitness program. The main dietary goal for active individuals is to obtain adequate nutrition to optimize health fitness and to increase sports performance. The present study aims to assess the nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice among the selected athletes.

Methods: Athletes from five different private colleges situated in Salem District, Tamilnadu, India were selected. A total number of 102 athletes, 32 sportsmen belong to Volleyball discipline, 25 belongs to weightlifter discipline and 45 belong to runners discipline in sports. All the selected athletes were including in the study. The Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) questionnaire contained ten questions about nutrition knowledge, nine questions about attitudes, and ten questions about dietary practice were collected from the selected athletes. Dietary composition of the sportsmen is also assessed. The collected data was coded and used for evaluation.

Results: Results about KAP revealed that 42 per cent of the volleyball players had good nutritional knowledge (6069per cent) compared to weight lifters (43per cent) who had satisfactory (5059per cent) knowledge about nutrition. Twenty nine per cent of the runners had very good (7079per cent) knowledge about nutrition. Regarding food consumption pattern intake of cereals, other vegetables and milk was found to be less compared to the RDA for the athletes. Among the three disciplines sports persons, the mean nutrient intake of the runners is high compared to volleyball and weight lifters.

Conclusion: The sports disciplines strongly affected the nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices of sportsmen. The overall scores indicate that most sportsmen had good knowledge of nutrition and supplements.

Keywords

Athletes Practice Supplements Knowledge Attitude

© 2010, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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