Post-Plyometric Exercise Hypotension and Heart Rate in Normotensive Individuals: Influence of Exercise Intensity

AUTHORS

Hamid Arazi 1 , * , Abbas Asadi 2 , Mehdi Rahimzadeh 1 , Amir-Hossein Moradkhani 1

1 Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Exercise Physiology, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

2 Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

How to Cite: Arazi H, Asadi A, Rahimzadeh M, Moradkhani A. Post-Plyometric Exercise Hypotension and Heart Rate in Normotensive Individuals: Influence of Exercise Intensity, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 4(4):34240. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34240.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 4 (4); 235-240
Published Online: July 20, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 14, 2012
Accepted: May 24, 2013
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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of high, moderate and low intensity plyometric exercise on the post-exercise systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate responses.

Methods: Ten healthy normotensive men (age, 21.10.9 years; height, 175.86 cm; and body mass, 69.113.6 kg) volunteered to participate in this study and were evaluated for three non-consecutive days in depth jump exercise from 20-cm box (low intensity [LI]), 40-cm box (moderate intensity [MI]) and 60-cm box (high intensity [HI]) for 5 sets of 20 repetitions. After each exercise session, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate (HR) were measured every 10 min for a period of 90 min.

Results: No significant differences were observed among post-exercise SBP, DBP and HR when the protocols (LI, MI and HI) were compared. The LI and HI protocols showed greater reduction in SBP at 40th-70th min of post-exercise (~9%), whereas the LI and MI protocols indicated greater reduction in DBP at 10th-50th min of post exercise (~10%). In addition, the change in the DBP for HI was not significant and the increases in the HR were similar for all intensities.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that a plyometric exercise (PE) can reduce SBP and DBP post-exercise and therefore we can say that PE has significant effects for reducing BP and HR or post-exercise hypotension.

Keywords

Plyometric Systolic Blood Pressure Diastolic Blood Pressure Heart Rate

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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