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Monitoring Training Load and Fatigue in Rugby Sevens Players

AUTHORS

Mohamed Elloumi 3 , * , Emna Makni 2 , Wassim Moalla 4 , Taieb Bouaziz 2 , Zouhair Tabka 2 , Grard Lac 1 , Karim Chamari 5

3 ISSEP-High Institute of Sport and Physical Education Ksar Sad, University of Manouba, Tunis, Tunisia

2 Laboratory of Cardio-circulatory, Respiratory, and Hormonal Adaptations to Muscular Exercise, Faculty de Medicine Sousse, Tunisia

4 UR EM2S, High Institute of Sport and Physical Education Sfax, University of Sfax, Tunisia

1 Clermont University Blaise Pascal, Laboratory AME2P, France

5 Laboratory of Sport Performance Optimisation, National Centre of Medicine and Science in Sports, University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia

How to Cite: Elloumi M, Makni E, Moalla W, Bouaziz T, Tabka Z, et al. Monitoring Training Load and Fatigue in Rugby Sevens Players, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 3(3):34688. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34688.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 3 (3); 175-184
Published Online: August 31, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 23, 2012
Accepted: May 28, 2012
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Abstract

Purpose: Trainers and physical fitness coaches need a useful tool to assess training loads to avoid overtraining. However, perceived scales or questionnaires were required. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess whether a short 8-item questionnaire of fatigue could be a useful tool for monitoring changes in perceived training load and strain among elite rugby Sevens (7s) players during preparation for a major competition.

Methods: Sixteen elite rugby 7s players completed an 8-week training program composed of 6-week intense training (IT) and 2-week reduced training (RT). They were tested before (T0), after the IT (T1) and after the RT (T2). The quantification of the perceived training load and strain were performed by the session-RPE (rating of perceived exertion) method and concomitantly the 8-item questionnaire of fatigue was administered.

Results: Training load (TL) and strain (TS) and total score of fatigue (TSF from the 8-item questionnaire) increased during IT and decreased during RT. Simultaneously, physical performances decreased during IT and were improved after LT. The changes in TL, TS and TSF correlated significantly over the training period (r=0.63-0.83).

Conclusions: These findings suggest that the short questionnaire of fatigue could be a practical and a sensitive tool for monitoring changes in training load and strain in team-sport athletes. Accordingly, the simultaneous use of the short questionnaire of fatigue along with the session-RPE method for perceived changes in training load and strain during training could provide additional information on the athletes status, allowing coaches to prevent eventual states of overreaching or overtraining.

Keywords

Training Load Performance Score of Fatigue Rugby Sevens

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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