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Anthropometric and Hemodynamic Profiles of Athletes and Their Relevance to Performance in the Mount Cameroon Race of Hope

AUTHORS

Martin A. Salah 2 , Vincent S. Verla 3 , Calvin Tonga 1 , *

2 Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Cameroon

3 Regional Hospital, Annex Buea, Cameroon

1 Department of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Cameroon

How to Cite: Salah M A, Verla V S, Tonga C. Anthropometric and Hemodynamic Profiles of Athletes and Their Relevance to Performance in the Mount Cameroon Race of Hope, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 3(2):34708. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34708.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 3 (2); 99-104
Published Online: May 31, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 7, 2011
Accepted: January 10, 2012
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Abstract

Purpose: Many factors influence athletes performance including anthropometric, physiological and environmental parameters. High altitude is characterized by adverse environmental conditions that are not found at sea level. We investigated the influence of some anthropometric and physiological factors on performance in the context of the Mount Cameroon Race of Hope.

Methods: Age, height, weight, blood pressure, heart rate and breathing rate of 83 finisher athletes of both genders were collected during medical checkup, and race time was recorded at the arrival line. Measured and calculated data association with performance was assessed.

Results: The race time was significantly influenced by the area of training (p=0.0022), and gender (p=0.0036) of athletes; BMI showed significant association with race time in the overall athletes population; this was confirmed in male (r=0.565; p=0.034) but not in female athletes (r=0.749; p=0.058). Weight class showed significant association to performance, the lighter athletes performing better than the heavier (p<0.00001). None of the investigated physiological parameters showed association to the race time.

Conclusions: We hypothesized that high altitude training and body size are significantly influential on athletes performance in the Mount Cameroon race of hope and similar mountain races.

Keywords

Anthropometry Blood Pressure Mountaineering Altitude Performance Cameroon

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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