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Vitamin D and Athletic Performance: The Potential Role of Muscle

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How to Cite: Vitamin D and Athletic Performance: The Potential Role of Muscle, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 2(4):34736. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34736.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 2 (4); 211-219
Published Online: November 30, 2011
Article Type: Review Article
Received: May 26, 2011
Accepted: July 6, 2011
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Abstract

Vitamin D deficiency is a worldwide epidemic, with well known impacts on calcium metabolism and bone health, but increasingly recognized associations with chronic health problems such as bowel and colonic cancer, arthritis, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In recent years in the Sports Medicine literature, there has been an increased focus on the potential impact that inadequate Vitamin D levels may have on athletic performance.

In the early 20th Century, athletes and coaches felt that ultraviolet rays had a positive impact on athletic performance, and while remaining limited, evidence is accumulating to support this view. Muscle structure and function is recognised to play a key role in athletic performance, and both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies allude to a functional role for Vitamin D in muscle. The identification of the Vitamin D receptor in muscle tissue provides a direct pathway for Vitamin D to impact upon Skeletal Muscle structure and function. This review focuses on the current understanding of the action of Vitamin D within skeletal muscle tissue, and the potential impact on performance.

Keywords

Vitamin D Sports Athletic Performance Exercise Muscle

© 2011, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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