Asian Journal of Sports Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

Saudi Professional League: A Prospective Study of the Injuries and Illnesses Sustained by Professional Soccer Players During the 2015 - 2016 Season

Qassim I Muaidi 1 , *
Author Information
1 Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Article information
  • Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: March 31, 2019, 10 (1); e79930
  • Published Online: January 6, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 29, 2018
  • Revised: December 17, 2018
  • Accepted: December 21, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/asjsm.79930

To Cite: Muaidi Q I. Saudi Professional League: A Prospective Study of the Injuries and Illnesses Sustained by Professional Soccer Players During the 2015 - 2016 Season, Asian J Sports Med. 2019 ; 10(1):e79930. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.79930.

Abstract
Copyright © 2019, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Hoy K, Lindblad BE, Terkelsen CJ, Helleland HE, Terkelsen CJ. European soccer injuries. A prospective epidemiologic and socioeconomic study. Am J Sports Med. 1992;20(3):318-22. doi: 10.1177/036354659202000314. [PubMed: 1636863].
  • 2. Dick R, Putukian M, Agel J, Evans TA, Marshall SW. Descriptive epidemiology of collegiate women's soccer injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988-1989 through 2002-2003. J Athl Train. 2007;42(2):278-85. [PubMed: 17710177]. [PubMed Central: PMC1941298].
  • 3. Reis GF, Santos TR, Lasmar RC, Oliveira Junior O, Lopes RF, Fonseca ST. Sports injuries profile of a first division Brazilian soccer team: A descriptive cohort study. Braz J Phys Ther. 2015;19(5):390-7. doi: 10.1590/bjpt-rbf.2014.0120. [PubMed: 26537809]. [PubMed Central: PMC4647150].
  • 4. Walden M, Hagglund M, Ekstrand J. UEFA Champions League study: A prospective study of injuries in professional football during the 2001-2002 season. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39(8):542-6. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.014571. [PubMed: 16046340]. [PubMed Central: PMC1725291].
  • 5. Chandran A, Barron MJ, Westerman BJ, DiPietro L. Time trends in incidence and severity of injury among collegiate soccer players in the United States: NCAA injury surveillance system, 1990-1996 and 2004-2009. Am J Sports Med. 2016;44(12):3237-42. doi: 10.1177/0363546516659879. [PubMed: 27528613].
  • 6. Junge A, Dvorak J. Football injuries during the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(9):599-602. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094469. [PubMed: 25878077]. [PubMed Central: PMC4413685].
  • 7. Hagglund M, Walden M, Ekstrand J. Injury incidence and distribution in elite football--a prospective study of the Danish and the Swedish top divisions. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2005;15(1):21-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2004.00395.x. [PubMed: 15679568].
  • 8. Walden M, Hagglund M, Orchard J, Kristenson K, Ekstrand J. Regional differences in injury incidence in European professional football. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013;23(4):424-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2011.01409.x. [PubMed: 22092416].
  • 9. Sadat-Ali M, Sankaran-Kutty M. Soccer injuries in Saudi Arabia. Am J Sports Med. 1987;15(5):500-2. doi: 10.1177/036354658701500513. [PubMed: 3674274].
  • 10. Drust B, George KP, Scott M, Almutawa M. The incidence, severity and etiology of injuries in players competing in the Saudi Premier League between 2010 and 2012. Saudi J Sports Med. 2013;13(2):90-7. doi: 10.4103/1319-6308.123388.
  • 11. van Mechelen W, Hlobil H, Kemper HCG. Incidence, severity, aetiology and prevention of sports injuries. Sports Med. 1992;14(2):82-99. doi: 10.2165/00007256-199214020-00002.
  • 12. Bahr R, Krosshaug T. Understanding injury mechanisms: A key component of preventing injuries in sport. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39(6):324-9. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2005.018341. [PubMed: 15911600]. [PubMed Central: PMC1725226].
  • 13. Junge A, Engebretsen L, Alonso JM, Renstrom P, Mountjoy M, Aubry M, et al. Injury surveillance in multi-sport events: The International Olympic Committee approach. Br J Sports Med. 2008;42(6):413-21. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2008.046631.
  • 14. Junge A, Dvorak J, Graf-Baumann T, Peterson L. Football injuries during FIFA tournaments and the Olympic Games, 1998-2001: Development and implementation of an injury-reporting system. Am J Sports Med. 2004;32(1 Suppl):80S-9S. doi: 10.1177/0363546503261245. [PubMed: 14754863].
  • 15. Fuller CW, Ekstrand J, Junge A, Andersen TE, Bahr R, Dvorak J, et al. Consensus statement on injury definitions and data collection procedures in studies of football (soccer) injuries. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2006;16(2):83-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2006.00528.x. [PubMed: 16533346].
  • 16. Nilsson T, Ostenberg AH, Alricsson M. Injury profile among elite male youth soccer players in a Swedish first league. J Exerc Rehabil. 2016;12(2):83-9. doi: 10.12965/jer.1632548.274. [PubMed: 27162769]. [PubMed Central: PMC4849496].
  • 17. Steffen K, Moseid CH, Engebretsen L, Soberg PK, Amundsen O, Holm K, et al. Sports injuries and illnesses in the Lillehammer 2016 youth Olympic winter games. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51(1):29-35. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096977. [PubMed: 27884864].
  • 18. Junge A, Engebretsen L, Mountjoy ML, Alonso JM, Renstrom PA, Aubry MJ, et al. Sports injuries during the summer Olympic Games 2008. Am J Sports Med. 2009;37(11):2165-72. doi: 10.1177/0363546509339357. [PubMed: 19783812].
  • 19. Emery CA, Meeuwisse WH, Hartmann SE. Evaluation of risk factors for injury in adolescent soccer: Implementation and validation of an injury surveillance system. Am J Sports Med. 2005;33(12):1882-91. doi: 10.1177/0363546505279576. [PubMed: 16157843].
  • 20. Soderman K, Adolphson J, Lorentzon R, Alfredson H. Injuries in adolescent female players in European football: A prospective study over one outdoor soccer season. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2001;11(5):299-304. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0838.2001.110508.x. [PubMed: 11696215].
  • 21. Le Gall F, Carling C, Reilly T, Vandewalle H, Church J, Rochcongar P. Incidence of injuries in elite French youth soccer players: a 10-season study. Am J Sports Med. 2006;34(6):928-38. doi: 10.1177/0363546505283271. [PubMed: 16436535].
  • 22. Ergun M, Denerel HN, Binnet MS, Ertat KA. Injuries in elite youth football players: A prospective three-year study. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2013;47(5):339-46. doi: 10.3944/AOTT.2013.3177. [PubMed: 24164944].
  • 23. Clausen MB, Zebis MK, Moller M, Krustrup P, Holmich P, Wedderkopp N, et al. High injury incidence in adolescent female soccer. Am J Sports Med. 2014;42(10):2487-94. doi: 10.1177/0363546514541224. [PubMed: 24989492].
  • 24. Hagglund M, Walden M, Ekstrand J. Previous injury as a risk factor for injury in elite football: A prospective study over two consecutive seasons. Br J Sports Med. 2006;40(9):767-72. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2006.026609. [PubMed: 16855067]. [PubMed Central: PMC2564391].
  • 25. Ekstrand J, Hagglund M, Walden M. Injury incidence and injury patterns in professional football: The UEFA injury study. Br J Sports Med. 2011;45(7):553-8. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.060582. [PubMed: 19553225].
  • 26. Froholdt A, Olsen OE, Bahr R. Low risk of injuries among children playing organized soccer: A prospective cohort study. Am J Sports Med. 2009;37(6):1155-60. doi: 10.1177/0363546508330132. [PubMed: 19279224].
  • 27. Fonseca ST, Souza TR, Ocarino JM, Gonçalves GP, Bittencourt NF. Applied biomechanics of soccer. In: Magee DJ, Manske RC, Zachazewski JE, Quillen WS, editors. Athletic and sport issues in musculoskeletal rehabilitation. St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2011.
  • 28. Ekstrand J, Gillquist J. Soccer injuries and their mechanisms: A prospective study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1983;15(3):267-70. [PubMed: 6621313].
  • 29. Nielsen AB, Yde J. Epidemiology and traumatology of injuries in soccer. Am J Sports Med. 1989;17(6):803-7. doi: 10.1177/036354658901700614. [PubMed: 2516415].
  • 30. Poulsen TD, Freund KG, Madsen F, Sandvej K. Injuries in high-skilled and low-skilled soccer: A prospective study. Br J Sports Med. 1991;25(3):151-3. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.25.3.151. [PubMed: 1777784]. [PubMed Central: PMC1478854].
  • 31. Arnason A, Gudmundsson A, Dahl HA, Johannsson E. Soccer injuries in Iceland. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1996;6(1):40-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.1996.tb00069.x. [PubMed: 8680943].
  • 32. Luthje P, Nurmi I, Kataja M, Belt E, Helenius P, Kaukonen JP, et al. Epidemiology and traumatology of injuries in elite soccer: A prospective study in Finland. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1996;6(3):180-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.1996.tb00087.x. [PubMed: 8827848].
  • 33. Hawkins RD, Fuller CW. A prospective epidemiological study of injuries in four English professional football clubs. Br J Sports Med. 1999;33(3):196-203. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.33.3.196. [PubMed: 10378073]. [PubMed Central: PMC1756169].
  • 34. Hawkins RD, Hulse MA, Wilkinson C, Hodson A, Gibson M. The association football medical research programme: An audit of injuries in professional football. Br J Sports Med. 2001;35(1):43-7. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.35.1.43. [PubMed: 11157461]. [PubMed Central: PMC1724279].
  • 35. Dvorak J, Junge A, Derman W, Schwellnus M. Injuries and illnesses of football players during the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Br J Sports Med. 2011;45(8):626-30. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2010.079905. [PubMed: 21257668]. [PubMed Central: PMC3106974].
  • 36. Mountjoy M, Junge A, Alonso JM, Engebretsen L, Dragan I, Gerrard D, et al. Sports injuries and illnesses in the 2009 FINA World Championships (Aquatics). Br J Sports Med. 2010;44(7):522-7. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2010.071720. [PubMed: 20460256].
  • 37. Engebretsen L, Steffen K, Alonso JM, Aubry M, Dvorak J, Junge A, et al. Sports injuries and illnesses during the Winter Olympic Games 2010. Br J Sports Med. 2010;44(11):772-80. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2010.076992. [PubMed: 20820057].
  • 38. Alonso JM, Tscholl PM, Engebretsen L, Mountjoy M, Dvorak J, Junge A. Occurrence of injuries and illnesses during the 2009 IAAF World Athletics Championships. Br J Sports Med. 2010;44(15):1100-5. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2010.078030. [PubMed: 21106775].
  • 39. Bahr R, Holme I. Risk factors for sports injuries--a methodological approach. Br J Sports Med. 2003;37(5):384-92. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.37.5.384. [PubMed: 14514527]. [PubMed Central: PMC1751357].
  • 40. Inklaar H. Soccer injuries. I: Incidence and severity. Sports Med. 1994;18(1):55-73. doi: 10.2165/00007256-199418010-00006. [PubMed: 7939040].
  • 41. Finch CF. An overview of some definitional issues for sports injury surveillance. Sports Med. 1997;24(3):157-63. doi: 10.2165/00007256-199724030-00002. [PubMed: 9327529].
  • 42. Florenes TW, Nordsletten L, Heir S, Bahr R. Recording injuries among World Cup skiers and snowboarders: A methodological study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2011;21(2):196-205. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01048.x. [PubMed: 20030778].
  • 43. Bjorneboe J, Florenes TW, Bahr R, Andersen TE. Injury surveillance in male professional football; is medical staff reporting complete and accurate? Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2011;21(5):713-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01085.x. [PubMed: 20459470].
  • 44. Alonso JM, Edouard P, Fischetto G, Adams B, Depiesse F, Mountjoy M. Determination of future prevention strategies in elite track and field: Analysis of Daegu 2011 IAAF Championships injuries and illnesses surveillance. Br J Sports Med. 2012;46(7):505-14. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091008. [PubMed: 22522588]. [PubMed Central: PMC3371221].
  • 45. Bahr R. No injuries, but plenty of pain? On the methodology for recording overuse symptoms in sports. Br J Sports Med. 2009;43(13):966-72. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.066936. [PubMed: 19945978].
  • 46. Clarsen B, Myklebust G, Bahr R. Development and validation of a new method for the registration of overuse injuries in sports injury epidemiology: The Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) overuse injury questionnaire. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(8):495-502. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091524. [PubMed: 23038786].
  • 47. Clarsen B, Ronsen O, Myklebust G, Florenes TW, Bahr R. The Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center questionnaire on health problems: a new approach to prospective monitoring of illness and injury in elite athletes. Br J Sports Med. 2014;48(9):754-60. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-092087. [PubMed: 23429267].
  • 48. Dauty M, Collon S. Incidence of injuries in French professional soccer players. Int J Sports Med. 2011;32(12):965-9. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1283188. [PubMed: 22052029].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments