Resistance Training and Vibration Improve Muscle Strength and Functional Capacity in Female Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

AUTHORS

Elham Eftekhari 1 , * , Mina Mostahfezian 2 , Masoud Etemadifar 3 , Ardeshir Zafari 4

1 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

3 Isfahan Eye Research Center, Isfahan, Iran

4 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran

How to Cite: Eftekhari E, Mostahfezian M, Etemadifar M, Zafari A. Resistance Training and Vibration Improve Muscle Strength and Functional Capacity in Female Patients with Multiple Sclerosis, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 3(4):34552. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34552.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 3 (4); 279-284
Published Online: November 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 18, 2012
Accepted: September 14, 2012
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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an eight-week progressive resistance training and vibration program on strength and ambulatory function in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.

Methods: Twenty-Four female MS patients with the following demographics: age 27-45 years, and expanded disability status scale (EDSS) 2-4, participated in this study. The subjects were randomly allocated to one of two groups. The exercise group (n = 12) trained according to a progressive program, mainly consisting of resistance training and vibration, three times a week for eight weeks and compared with subjects in the control group (n = 12) that received no intervention. Subjects completed one set of 5-12 reps at%50-70 maximal voluntary contraction (MVC). After 5-10 minutes rest, six postures on plate vibration were done. Isotonic MVC of knee extensors, abduction of the scapula and downward rotation of the scapular girdle muscle groups were predicted by using the Brzycki formula. Right leg balance (RLB), left leg balance (LLB), and walking speed (10-Meter Walk Test) were assessed before and after the training program. Descriptive statistics and Co-variance were used for analyzing data.

Results: After eight weeks of training the exercise group showed significant increase in MVC of Knee extensors (32.3%), Abduction of the scapula (24.7%) and Downward Rotation Scapular (39.1%) muscle groups, RLB (33.5%), LLB (9.5%), and decrease in 10-Meter Walk Test (10MWT) (9.3%), (P<0.05).

Conclusions: The results of this study indicated this type of training can cause improvements in muscle strength and functional capacity in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Keywords

Multiple Sclerosis Resistance Training Whole Body Vibration

© 2012, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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