Effects of Exercise on Memory Consolidation and Retrieval of Passive Avoidance Learning In Young Male Rats

AUTHORS

Hakimeh Saadati 1 , * , Shirin Babri 3 , Naser Ahmadiasl 3 , Mohammad Mashhadi 4

1 Department of Physiology, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardebil, IR Iran

3 Department of Physiology, Faculty of medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran

4 Healthy Center, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardebil, IR Iran

How to Cite: Saadati H, Babri S, Ahmadiasl N, Mashhadi M. Effects of Exercise on Memory Consolidation and Retrieval of Passive Avoidance Learning In Young Male Rats, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 1(3):34858. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34858.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 1 (3); 137-142
Published Online: August 31, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 26, 2010
Accepted: July 6, 2010
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Abstract

Purpose: Previous studies have shown that physical activity improves learning and memory. Present study was performed to determine the effects of short term and long term treadmill exercise on learning, memory consolidation and retrieval of passive avoidance learning in an animal model.

Methods: In this study fifty male Wistar rats with 3-4 months of age were randomly divided into five groups (n=10 in each group). Control group was trained in passive avoidance box and was tested 10 min, 24 hr, 10 days and 3 months later. Two groups exercised on treadmill one hour at 17 m. min for 10 days and 3 months respectively and then were trained in passive avoidance box and were tested 10 min and 24 hr later. The other two groups were trained and were tested 10 days and 24 hr later and then exercised on treadmill as same as other exercised groups.

Results: Obtained results showed that short-term (10 days) and long-term (3 months) treadmill running before training by passive avoidance test had significant (P=0.006 and P=0.001 respectively) effects on memory consolidation. However, no significant difference was observed between latency time of rats before and after exercise in exercised groups retrieval (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Our results showed that physical activity promoted learning and memory consolidation but it did not affect retrieval memory performance.

Keywords

Exercise Memory Avoidance learning Rats Physical activity

© 2010, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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