Effects of Aerobic Exercise and Whole Body Vibration on Glycaemia Control in Type 2 Diabetic Males

AUTHORS

Lale Behboudi 1 , Mohammad-Ali Azarbayjani 1 , * , Hamid Aghaalinejad 1 , Mahyar Salavati 2

1 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Iranian Research Centre on Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Behboudi L, Azarbayjani M, Aghaalinejad H, Salavati M. Effects of Aerobic Exercise and Whole Body Vibration on Glycaemia Control in Type 2 Diabetic Males, Asian J Sports Med. Online ahead of Print ; 2(2):34787. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34487.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 2 (2); 83-90
Published Online: May 31, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 5, 2010
Accepted: March 14, 2011
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Abstract

Purpose: aerobic exercise has been identified as the main treatment for type 2 diabetic patients. Such an exercise, however, is usually repined by some of patients who suffer from lack of stamina. Therefore, whole body vibration has recently been introduced as a passive intervention. The present study aimed at comparing how aerobic exercise and whole body vibration affect glycaemia control in type 2 diabetic males.

Methods: Thirty diabetic males were divided into three groups, namely aerobic exercise (AE), whole body vibration (WBV), and control. Aerobic exercise schedule consisted of three walking sessions a week, each for 30-60 minutes and in 60-70% of maximum stock heartbeat. Vibration exercise was composed of 8-12-min stand-up and semi-squat positioning in frequency of 30 Hz and amplitude of 2 mm. Concentrations of fasting glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting glucose, and insulin were measured in the beginning of the trial, after the fourth week, and after the eighth week.

Results: After 8 weeks of exercise, no significant difference was detected in concentrations of fasting glycosylated hemoglobin and insulin between the groups (P=0.83, P=0.12). There were no significant differences in any of the variables between AE and WBV (P>0.05). But a more significant decrease in fasting glucose was observed in exercise groups (AE and WBV) compared with control group (P=0.02).

Conclusion: The present study showed that AE and WBV identically stimulate metabolic system. Thus, it can be concluded that type 2 diabetic patients lacking stamina for aerobic exercise can opt for vibration exercise as an effective substitute.

Keywords

Blood Glucose Glycosylated Hemoglobin Insulin Aerobic Exercise Vibration

© 2011, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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