The Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Autogenic Relaxation on Young Soccer Players’ Mood States

AUTHORS

Hairul Anuar [email protected] 1 , * , Hazwani Hanafi Ahmad Yusof 1

1 Universiti Sains Malaysia Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan Malaysia.

How to Cite: [email protected] H A, Ahmad Yusof H H. The Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Autogenic Relaxation on Young Soccer Players’ Mood States, Asian J Sports Med. 2011 ; 2(2):e94439. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.34786.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 2 (2); e94439
Published Online: June 01, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 25, 2019
Accepted: April 26, 2011
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Abstract

Purpose: This study was designed to compare the effects of two different relaxation techniques, namely progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and autogenic relaxation (AGR) on moods of young soccer players.

Methods: Sixteen adolescent athletes (mean age: 14.1 ± 1.3) received either PMR or AGR training. Using Profile of Mood States- Adolescents, their mood states were measured one week before relaxation training, before the first relaxation session, and after the twelfth relaxation session.

Results: Mixed ANOVA revealed no significant interaction effects and no significant main effects in any of the subscales. However, significant main effects for testing sessions were found for confusion, depression, fatigue, and tension subscales. Post hoc tests revealed post-intervention reductions in the confusion, depression, fatigue, and tension subscale scores.

Conclusion: These two relaxation techniques induce equivalent mood responses and may be used to regulate young soccer players’ mood states.

Keywords

Muscle Relaxation Autogenic Training Relaxation Adolescents Soccer Players

© 2011, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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