The Use of Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography for Spinal Pains Among Athletes, Gaps in the Knowledge

AUTHORS

Pardis Noormohammadpour 1 , Navid Moghadam ORCID 1 , *

1 Sports Medicine Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Noormohammadpour P, Moghadam N. The Use of Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography for Spinal Pains Among Athletes, Gaps in the Knowledge, Asian J Sports Med. 2019 ; 10(3):e96114. doi: 10.5812/asjsm.96114.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Asian Journal of Sports Medicine: 10 (3); e96114
Published Online: September 22, 2019
Article Type: Editorial
Received: July 7, 2019
Accepted: August 2, 2019
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Keywords

Low Back Pain Ultrasonography Athletes

Copyright © 2019, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Researchers and clinicians use musculoskeletal ultrasonography for the evaluation of spine-related structures (transabdominal and paraspinal muscles) (1) and the rehabilitation of spinal pains (neck and low back pain) (2) in everyday practice. The use of musculoskeletal ultrasonography has been validated among groups with different physical profiles, including but not limited to obese patients (3), pregnant women (4), and patients with chronic neuropathy (5). It has been shown that musculoskeletal ultrasonography is a reliable tool for evaluation of spinal structures and progress of the rehabilitation of pains among these patient groups regardless of their physiologic profile and changes in the musculoskeletal system due to their condition.

There have been studies which have used musculoskeletal ultrasonography in athletes. It has been used in the evaluation of transabdominal and paraspinal muscles in adolescent (6) and young (7) soccer players with/without low back pain. Researchers have also tracked muscle changes with musculoskeletal ultrasonography among soccer players during a season with and without developing low back pain (8). However, these studies were not confined to soccer, there have been studies using musculoskeletal ultrasonography among cyclists (9) and recreational runners (10), cricket players (11). Gray et al. have shown that contrary to the non-athlete population, symmetry and non asymmetry, of transabdominal muscles is concurrent with low back pain in cricket bowlers (12).

These findings would emphasize on sport-specific considerations in using musculoskeletal ultrasonography for spinal pains such as the biomechanics of the sport, side dominancy of the athlete and ultrasonography of the sport-specific functions. It should also be considered that to the best knowledge of ours, there is no study using musculoskeletal ultrasonography for neck pain among athletes. These points can help to design future studies which will address the concerns of using musculoskeletal ultrasonography for athletes’ spinal pains.

Footnotes

References

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